Selenium is composed of various software tools and each one of this utilizes different approach in order to support Selenium automation process. In fact, only one or two of these tools are used by the QA Engineers, which fulfill the requirement of the project. Nevertheless, it is better to learn all the tools and master the art of handling the test automation issues by following a different approach. Discussed below are three essential things that you must consider when using Selenium as an automation tool.

1. Preparing Your Environment

With a view to preparing your environment for automation testing, the following steps should be performed with due diligence.

Choose the Driver

Choosing a perfect browser is the pivotal step and is an easy task, as there is a wide range of browsers that support Selenium automation. The list includes InternetExplorerDriver, ChromeDriver, FirefoxDriver, SafariDriver, PhantomJS, and OperaDriver. For instance, you can download the ChromeDriver and save it under the global /bin folder.

Use the Right Programming Language

The programming language is necessary during the testing procedure, as it allows you to write a program by using Selenium. The basic theme behind conducting your test depends on the development environment and programming language. The Selenium WebDriver supports following the languages.

– Java
– Python
– Ruby
– Perl

Choose the Framework

Once you have selected the programming language, it’s time to choose the appropriate testing framework.

2. Dealing with the Back end Issues

The first thing to consider while using Selenium Automation tool is to tackle the back end issues in the desired manner. The best practice in this regard is to start with the breadth of a framework and make sure to build it at the earliest possible time. In addition, don’t forget to provide API wrappers, mechanisms for spinning up data and robust clients. Try to keep them simple and ensure the availability of coding tools for dealing with the issues effectively. Always remember to provide source control, quality IDEs, and required infrastructure for running the tests. If you fail to do so, all your efforts will go in vain.

3. Considering the Use of Page Object Pattern

The page object model is the key to control the maintainability of the Selenium Automation tests. This pattern suggests that each page knows how to perform various actions on the page. Login page, for instance, knows the procedure of submitting user credentials. Given below is the example of a page object, which represents the documents page.

object DocsList extends RetryHelper with MainMenu with Page{

val actionsPanel = new ActionsPanel

val fileBrowser = new FileBrowser

val fileTree = new FileTree

val sharingPanel = new SharingPanel

val invitationPanel = new InvitationPanel

It turns a complex and difficult to read or understand test file into a concise, clear and descriptive one. Moreover, page object pattern is also responsible for the scalability of the testing framework.


Selenium offers a huge library of tools, which ensures the availability of multi-testing functions for all types of web applications. The operations associated with Selenium Automation are quite flexible. It allows you to compare the test results against the true behavior of the application and locate UI elements. The most prominent feature of Selenium is the fact that it supports multiple browser platforms.

Nikolay Advolodkin is a self-driven SDET on a lifelong mission to create profound change in the IT world and ultimately leave a legacy for his loved ones, community, and the world at large. Today, he serves as the CEO and Test Automation Instructor at and contributes informative articles to leading test automaton websites like and

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