When it comes to software testing, you have the choice between manual vs. automated testing. One thing testers should keep in mind is that both options are feasible depending on the project’s budget, size, and time allowance.
Both choices have pros and cons. It is important for the tester to determine which one to use for a given project.
Manual testing is a method used by software testers to run tests without the use of tools and scripts. It involves running the software to find bugs and other issues. During the process, the software tester uses the software just like how an end user will do. The tester will go through different scenarios to ensure that the features and user interface are working properly.
If it is complicated software, then the process will take a lot of time and effort from the testers. However, if it is a simple one, then manual testing is more effective and faster than automated testing.
Manual testing also provides the flexibility that allows the tester to change values at any given time. It is ideal for short-term projects because of the low upfront costs. Software testers also use the manual method if they are testing for usability and other functions requiring human input.
When to Use Manual Testing
Manual testing is best suited for exploratory testing, usability testing, and ad-hoc testing. Exploratory testing requires the knowledge, skills, intuition, and experience of a tester. Human skills are needed to test software with a poorly written specification document.
Usability testing measures how efficient, convenient, and user-friendly the software is for the end user. The manual method is preferred because it requires human observation.
Then there’s ad-hoc testing, which is an unplanned testing method. The tester’s insight is the most important factor for this type of test.
Automated testing is the process of testing software with the use of tools. It is effective and fast and allows testers to repeat the process using the same parameters. It reduces the time between testing and releasing the software to the market. That means the business can get the benefits of the product faster.
It is the best option for repeat testing, as well as testing for long timeframes. It is more reliable because it gets rid of the human error. Tools and scripts carry out the testing process. The system will generate a report after every testing session.
When to Use Automated Testing
There are several scenarios where automated testing is the preferred choice. The first one is for regression testing. It requires frequent code changes, and automation will allow testers to run the regressions faster.
Testers also use automated testing for load testing. The testing method allows them to complete the process in an efficient manner. Automation is also suitable when the test requires repeated execution of tasks. Automated testing is also used to simulate several concurrent users to test the performance of the software.
When it comes to manual vs. automated testing, it is important that testers what type of test to use depending on the situation. That way they can determine whether they need to use automated or manual testing for their project.